This article is for Learning Products only
The Sharable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM) was developed by the Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL) initiative for the Department of Defense as a means of constructing and presenting "learning objects".
It is important to note that SCORM is basically an amalgamation of several different pre-existing standards. The SCORM standard is comprised of the following standards governing the setup and presentation of online content:
As shown above, SCORM treats each individually referenced specification as a separate "book". With the release of version 1.2, the SCORM was divided into three books (Overview, CAM, and RTE). SCORM 2004 added the Sequencing and Navigation specification. Each of these books are available from the ADL web site.
- Overview - Covers areas of the CAM, RTE, and SN books at a high level.
- Content Aggregation Model - CAM - The SCORM Content Aggregation Model contains guidance for identifying and aggregating resources into structured learning content. This standard describes the content of the imsmanifest.xml file which details the course structure, supporting meta-data and sequencing information (SCORM 2004 only). The imsmanifest.xml is the file used by an LMS to import SCORM content.
- Run-Time Environment - RTE - The SCORM Run-Time Environment includes guidance for launching, communicating with and tracking content in a web-based environment. This book was originally derived from the run-time environment functionality defined in AICC's CMI001 Guidelines for Interoperability. It details the responsibilities of both the content and the LMS regarding the communication of tracking data.
- Sequencing & Navigation (SCORM 2004 only) - The SCORM SN book describes how SCORM conformant content may be sequenced through a set of learner-initiated or system-initiated navigation events. This defines how a learner may proceed through a particular course.
NOTE: This site will discuss the SCORM 1.2 and SCORM 2004 CAM, RTE, and SN as they pertain to the SuccessFactors LMS.
NOTE: The Run-Time Environment (content communication) standard for SCORM 1.2 was taken from AICC Appendix B (API method) so the SCORM 1.2 and AICC data models are essentially the same.
NOTE: SCORM 2004 diverged slightly from the original AICC spec, but much of the functionality remains the same.
KBA , LOD-SF-LMS-CNT , Content , Problem