Successful activation of an index from SE11 => TABLE => INDEX does not create the index on the database.
If you check the activation log, you can find message DT502 "Index ...... must be created in the database". For example:
DT526 Activate index /BIC/B0000116000-Z10
DT502 Index /BIC/B0000116000-Z10 must be created in the database
DT556 Online execution can lead to runtime being exceeded
DT520 Index /BIC/B0000116000-Z10 was successfully activated
Netweaver based systems
must be created in the database, DT502 , KBA , BC-DWB-DIC-AC , Activation Prog., Conversion Prog., DB-Utility, MC, SPDD , How To
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