An MDF portlet's record is shown only in History of the portlet for an employee. The logged in user has sufficient permissions to view the record in profile itself without going to History.
"Image/data in this KBA is from SAP internal systems, sample data, or demo systems. Any resemblance to real data is purely coincidental."
Employee Central: Metadata Framework
Reproducing the Issue
As an example, we consider the MDF portlet "Tuition Reimbursement".
If we go to History, we see the record.
It is because a workflow is configured and it is pending for this user.
Once the workflow is approved, we can see it in the user’s records.
And in History it is now editable.
MDF Payment Information Workflow Pending Data History , KBA , LOD-SF-EC-MDF , MDF & EC2MDF Migration , LOD-SF-EC , Employee Central , Problem