You want to use your AD FS (Active Directory Federation Services) to authenticate users in SAP Analytics Cloud (SAC).
- SAP Analytics Cloud
- Windows Active Directory 2012
Warning: It is strongly recommended to discuss these steps with your network (Active Directory / AD) administrators.
Follow the recommended steps below to help configure Active Directory Federation Services with SAC.
Remember that only an Active Directory expert or a Microsoft Authentication expert is able to answer all your specific questions.
Consulting and configuration is outside the scope of SAP Product Support. See 2706322 - What is Support – What is Consulting: Cloud Solutions.
1. Download XML Service Provider Metadata:
You need to download the Service Provider metadata for your system (tenant URL).
- Log on to SAP Analytics Cloud using an administrator (admin) account.
- Go to the menu System > Administration > Security.
- Click the pencil icon to edit.
- Select SAML single sign-on (SSO).
- Click the Download button that appears in menu Step 1: Download Service Provider metadata
2. Importing the information into AD FS:
- Connect to your AD FS Management tool.
- Select Trust Relationships > Relying Party Trust > Right click and select Add Relying Party Trust.
- Select "Import data about the relying party from a file".
- After importing the file, you will be asked a couple of questions.
- Select "I do not want to configure multi-factor authentication settings for this relying party trust at this time".
Select "Permit all users to access this relying party".
- For more information on these settings, read Microsoft's documentation.
3. Add Claim Rules for SAP Analytics Cloud:
You will be prompted to add Claim Rules.
- Transformation from Active Directory attribute to Claims
- Transformation from the logon name in Active Directory (LDAP Attribute: SAMAccountName ) to an intermediary claim.
In this sample, we manually enter the custom claim type name called: my_intermediate_claim.
- In this case, UPN（userPrincipalName）of your user (MY_USER@example.com or EXAMPLE\MY_UYSER) will be transformed to the Name ID(MY_UYSER) in the SAML assertion, which will be used to map the SAC user attribute.
- If all users have UPN in upper case in ADFS, you can select the option USER ID when configuring SAML SSO in SAC (Step 3).
- Othwise, if some users have UPN in lower case or mix case, you must select option Custom SAML User Mapping when configuring SAML SSO in SAC (Step 3).
- If you want to configuring SAML SSO using Email in SAC (Step 3), please select LDAP attribute E-Mail-Addresses here.
- Transformation from other attributes to white-listed SAML attributes (manually enter; case-sensitive; used to map SAC user attributes)
NOTE: SAML Attribute email is always recommended.
See KBA 2789431 - After enabling custom SAML SSO on the SAP Analytics Cloud system, e-mails are overwritten with @unknown.org or @this-default-was-not-configured.invalid domain
- Transformation from this intermediary Claim to Name ID, which is required by SAP Analytics Cloud.
- If this rule is not created (but transform SAMAccountName to Name ID directly in the previous step), the ADFS claim will not contain the required format:<NameID Format="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:1.1:nameid-format:unspecified">USER_NAME</NameID>
The logon process will work but you will get an error when you logout. Please refer to more details in KBA 2601672.
- If you want to configuring SAML SSO using Email in SAC (Step 3), please select Outgoing name ID format to Email.
- Issue SAML Attribute Groups to return static value "SAC", which is required only when SAP Analytics Cloud is running on a non-SAP data center.
- Encryption used: in the newly created Relying party trust you need to change the default Secure hash algorithm to SHA-1:
NOTE: SHA-256 hash algorithm is only supported on SAP Analytics Cloud systems running non-SAP Datacenter. Refer to KBA 2796605 and 2820521.
4. Importing the Metadata.xml from AD FS:
Your AD administrator knows how to get this file. It can be obtained by going to the URL: https://YourADServer.YourDomain/FederationMetadata/2007-06/FederationMetadata.xml
Back in SAP Analytics Cloud, in the SAML SSO menu where we downloaded the Service Provider Metadata, we can now upload this file: Upload Identity Provider Metadata
In Step 3: Choose a user attribute to map to your identity provider, you need to select USER ID for this example:
When selected, your username should be populated. In this example, you see that it is Your_AD_User. The value entered has to match the logon credentials EXACTLY that are in Active Directory (SAM-Account-Name).
What happens if you want them to match by e-mail or other attributes?
You need to go back to your Claim rules in AD FS and map them accordingly.
5. Validating the account:
Before we can save the configuration we need to validate the configuration.
You will copy the URL from the validate window and open a Chrome browser Incognito tab or open a browser in another machine.
- See 2487567 - Troubleshooting SAML assertions when configuring SAML SSO in SAP Analytics Cloud.
7. IdP Initiated SSO:
Please note that SAP Analytics Cloud SAML SSO using the ADFS workflow only supports a Service Provider (SP) initiated SSO scenario. Currently the IdP initiated workflow is not supported due to limitations on the SAP Cloud Platform. More information regarding this can be found below:
- 2411608 - SAP Analytics Cloud SAML authentication *** Master KBA ***
- 2569847 - Where can you find SAC user assistance (help) to use, configure, and operate it more effectively?
- Have a question? Ask it here and let our amazing SAP community help! Or reply and share your knowledge!
- 2487011 - What information do I need to provide when opening an incident for SAP Analytics Cloud?
- Search for SAP Analytics Cloud content using Google or Bing:
- Note: Add relevant text or warning/error messages to the text search field to filter results.
- SAP Analytics Cloud > Learning > Data Connections
- SAP Analytics Cloud > Learning > Guided Playlists
- SAP Analytics Cloud > Learning > Guided Playlists > Getting Support
- Need More Help? Contact Support or visit the solution finder today!
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